Amoksisilin antibiotic (amoxicillin) is the most widely used. This is because amoksisilin quickly absorbed in the gut and is effective for many types of infection. Each year, Indonesia import raw materials amoksisilin up to 2,600 tonnes to be processed and marketed as a generic drug or drug brands like Bintamol, Corsamox, Dexymox, Farmoxyl, Bellacid, Kalmoxillin, Lapimex, Ethimox, Opimox, Robamox, Wiamox, Ospamox, Amoxsan, Hufanoxyl, Yusimox, etc.
Amoksisilin can be used for the treatment of infection in the ear, nose, and throat, teeth, skin and structure of genitourinaria, skin, and respiratory tract down by Streptococcus spp, s. pneumoniae, Staphylococcus spp, h. influenzae, e. coli, p. mirabilis, or e. faecalis. Amoksisilin is also useful for treatment of acute gonorrhea without complications by n. gonorrhoeae.
Amoksisilin include antibiotics broad-spectrum penicillin group. In addition to amoksisilin, which is included in this group are, among others, as ampicillin may, oxacillin, carbenicillin and piperacillin. All penicillin works with similar mechanisms. Active substances in amoksisilin, beta-lactam antibiotic, preventing the synthesis of cell walls of bacteria by inhibiting the enzyme transpeptidase DD-bacteria. As a result, bacteria cannot breed.
You can take the tablets/capsules/syrup amoksisilin before, during or after a meal. Dose amoksisilin generally is as follows:
Adults, adolescents, and children (> = 40 kg weight): 500 mg every 12 hours or 250 mg every 8 hours.
Children and infants > 3 months (weight < 40 kg): 20 mg/kg/day, administered in the same dose every 8 hours or 25 mg/kg/day given in the same dose every 12 hours.
Neonatal and infant < = 3 months: maximum dose recommended is 30 mg/kg/day, administered in the same dose every 12 hours.
The dose may vary according to the severity of the infection, antibiotic resistance whether or not there is/, the location of the infection, the goal as prevention (prophylaxis) or treatment, etc. The doctor will weigh rationally how dose that is right for you on a case by case basis.
Amoksisilin should not be used in patients who are allergic to penicillin-hypersensitive/. Patients who have asthma, eczema, hives, or fever may be at risk for hypersensitivity reactions to penicillin and amoksisilin in General.
Amoksisilin should be used with caution if you have:
Disorders of the kidneys, because drugs were dumped through the mechanism of kidney.
Disease, particularly ulcerative channel indigestion, because of the effect it has on the balance of the intestinal flora.
Lymphatic Leukemia, because it can develop a drug rash.
Active viral infections such as CMV and respiratory infection of viral.
There is not enough data to assess the potential danger of this drug during pregnancy. Therefore it is strongly recommended not to use this drug during pregnancy without special consideration of a doctor.
Amoksisilin excreted in breast milk in small quantities. This can lead to the baby having diarrhea (due to disorders of the gut flora), candidiasis, and skin rashes. Like all other medications, potential risks must be weighed with the benefits on mothers.
Amoksisilin has some side effects. Most side effects are quite mild, however increased dose and duration of use according to. Most adverse reactions are caused by the fact that amoksisilin not only kill pathogenic bacteria but also good bacteria which is the natural intestinal flora. Tremendous potential side effects include nausea and vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, indigestion (dyspepsia), rectal itching and allergic reactions
Due to potentially cause side effects, avoid driving or operating dangerous machinery after taking the amoksisilin, unless you feel good.
Interactions with other drugs
Amoksisilin can interact with other drugs, such as aspirin, indomethacin, sulfinpyrazone, allopurinol, probenesid, antibiotic aminoglikosida, fenilbutazon, oxyphenbutazone and birth control pills (there is the possibility of reducing the effectiveness of this pill).
Tips for you
Before starting treatment, read with good information and instructions in the drug's label.
Take your medication exactly as directed by your doctor. Taking the drug until the finish, even if you already feel the infection has gone. Discontinuation of antibiotics in the middle of the road can lead to bacterial infection come back and become resistant.
If you forget to drink the drink immediately after the drug, you remember. Do not take two doses at once.
If you do not feel any improvement after finishing treatment, consultation with the doctor again.
If you develop redness and itching in the mouth or the vagina after taking amoksisilin, talk soon with your doctor or pharmacist for advice.
If you're using hormonal contraceptives such as condoms, contraceptives added is not necessary unless you are sick or having diarrhea. If you need more advice, discuss with your doctor or pharmacist.
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